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    Gốc > Các chuyên đề Tiếng Anh >

    ĐỘNG TỪ ĐI VỚI GIỚI TỪ

    dongtu-gioituI.    MỤC ĐÍCH CHUYÊN ĐỀ

    - Chuyên đề này nêu ra sự kết hợp giữa động từ và giới từ. Chúng ta cũng sẽ phân biệt một số tng hợp dễ gây nhầm lẫn ví dụ như một động từ có thđi với hai hay nhiều giới từ khác nhau và khi nào nó đi vi gii từ này, khi nào đi với gii tkhác.

     II.  KIN THỨC CƠ BẢN
    1. Verb + at

    -  Look/have a look/stare/ glance at…: nhìn vào/nhìn chắm chm vào

    - why are you looking at me like that?

     Laugh/smile at…:cưi vào ai

    - Everyone will laugh at my haircut.

      Aim/point (something) at….: nhằm vào, chỉ vào

    - Don’t point that knife at me. It’s dangerous.

     2. Verb + to:

      Talk/speak to (someone)…: nói với ai

    - Can I speak to Jane, please?

      Listen to…

    - We spent the evening listening to music.

      Invite (somebody) to (a party/a wedding)…;

    - They only invited a few people to their wedding.

      Devote oneself to (doing) something: cống hiến cuộc đời cho….

    - I'm going to devote myself to playing the piano after I retire.

      Commit oneself to (doing) something: hứa …, phạm…., giao phó…

    - She committed herself to finding a new job.

      Confess to (doing) something: thừa nhận làm gì.

    - The boy confessed to stealing the apple.

      Explain something to somebody…: giải thích điều gì cho ai

    - Can you explain this word to me?

      Happen to…xảy đến với ai/cái gì

    - What happened to that gold watch you used to have?

      Prefer one thing to another: thích cái gì hơn cái gì

    - I prefer tea to coffee.


      Shout at somebody…(khi giận dữ)

    - She got very angry and started shouting at me.

      Shout to sonebody…(để cho người khác có thể nghe)

    - She shouted to me from the other side of the street.

      Throw something at somebody/something (đánh, đập ai/cái )

    - Somebody threw an egg at the minister.

      Throw something to somebody (để cho ai bắt ly)

    - Judy shouted “catch” and threw the key to me from the window.

      Ask somebody for something: xin ai cái gì

    - He asked me for money.

      Ask somebody to do something..yêu cầu ai àm gì

    - He asked me to post the letter for him.

     3. Verb + about….

      Talk about/ read about/ tell somebody about…/have a discussion about…

    - We talked about a lot of things at the meeting.

    Chú ý: discuss something (không có giới t)

      Care about something/something….

    - He’s selfish. He doesn’t care about other people.

     4. Verb + for…

      Apply for (a job)….xin việc

    - I think this job would suit you. Why don’t you apply for it?

      Wait for….chờ đợi

    - Don’t wait for me. I’ll join you later.

      Search (a person/a place/a thing) for…tìm kiếm

    - I’ve searched (the house) for the key but I still can’t find it.

      Leave (a place) for another place: dời đến nơi khác

    - I haven’t seen her since she left for work this morning.

      Look for: tìm kiếm

    - I’ve lost my keys. Can you help me to look for them?

      Pay for someone / something

    - Let me pay for Tom.

    - I didn’t have enough money to pay for the meal. Nhưng “pay the bill/a fine/a tax/fare/ rent”

      Thank/forgive somebody for…

    - I’ll never forgive them for what they did.

      Apologise (to somebody) for…

    - I apologised (to them) for my mistakes.

      Blame somebody/something for…/blame something on somebody

    - Everybody blamed me for the accident/ blamed the accident on me.


    5. Verb + about, of…

      Dream about…:

    - I dream about you last night.

      Dream of being something/doing something (=imagine):

    - I often dream of being rich.

      Hear about … (được nói cho biết v…)

    - Did you hear about the fight in the club on Saturday night?

      Hear of.. (biết rằng ai đó/cái gì còn tồn tại)

    - “Who is Tom madely?” - “I’ve no idea. I’ve never heard of him.

      Hear from… (nhận được thư hoặc điện thoi của ai)

    - “Have you heard from Jane recently?

      Remind somebody of…

    - This house reminds me of the one I lived in when I was a child.

      Complain (to somebody) about …

    - We complained to the manager of the restaurant about the food.

     6. Verb + of…

      Accuse somebody of…buộc tội ai

    - Sue accused me of being selfish.

      Approve of….tán thành

    - His parents don’t approve of what he does, but they can’t stop him

      Die of…chết vì…

    - What did he die of? - “A heart attack”

      Consist of ….bao gồm

    - My house consists of six rooms.

     7. Verb + from…

      Suffer from (an illness)

    - The number of people suffering from heart disease has increased.

      Protect someone/something from (or against) ….bảo vệ ai/cái gì khỏi cái gì

    - Sun oil can protect the skin from the sun (or against the sun)

      Prevent (someone) from doing something: ngăn cản ai làm gì

    - The rain prevented me from coming home.

      Distract someone from something: phân tán ai, làm ai xao lãng khỏi việc gì

    - Please distract Tim from the television.

      Benefit from (doing) something: được li ích từ việc gì

    - Students benefit from listening to news reports on the radio.

      Differ from something: khác bit so với….


    - Our cheese differs from our competitor's cheese because of its superior quality.

     8. Verb + on

      Depend on/rely on….phụ thuộc vào

    - You can rely on Jill. She always keeps her promises.

    - What time will you arrive? - “I dont know. It depends on the traffic”.

      Live on (money/food):

    - George’s salry is verry low. It isn’t enough to live on.

      Congratulate (someone) on…: chúc mừng ai về việc gì

    - I congratulated her on her success in the exam.

      Concentrate on/ focus on…: tập trung vào…

    - Don’t look out the window. Concentrate on your work.

      Insist on…: khăng khăng làm gì

    - I wanted to go alone but they insisted on coming with me.

      Spend (money) on…: tiêu tiền cho cái gì, việc gì

    - How much money do you spend on food each week.

      Pride oneself on (doing) something: tự hào về vic gì

    - I like to pride myself on my ability to concentrate.

     9. Verb + in…

      Believe in …: tin vào

    - Do you believe in God?

      Specialise in….:

    - Helen is a lawyer. She specialises in company law.

      Succeed in

    - I hope you succeed in finding the job you want.

      Result in something: tạo ra, gây ra…

    - His decision resulted in increased profits.

     10. Verb + into…

      Break into…: đột nhập

    - Our house was broken into a few days ago but nothing was stolen.

      Crash/drive/bump/run into…

    - He lost control of the car and crashed into the wall.

      Divide/split something into…

    - The book is divided into 3 parts.

      Translate (a book…) (from one language) into the other.

    - George Orwell’s book have been translated into many languages.

     11. Verb + with…

      Collide with….: đâm vào, va chạm

    - There was an accident this morning. A bus collided with a car.

      Fill something with ….

    - Take this saucepan and fill it with water.

      Provide/supply somebody with….

    - The school provides all its students with books.

      Coincide with something: trùng với

    - My birthday coincides with a national holiday.

      Confuse someone/ something with someone/ something: nhầm lẫn ai/ cái gì với ai/ cái gì

    - I'm afraid I confused you with someone else.

      Provide someone with something: cung cấp cho ai cái gì

    - The instructor provided the students with a number of examples.

      III. CỦNG CỐ KIN THC
    Bài tp 1: Đin giới từ thích hp để hoàn thành câu (nếu cn thiết).

    1. I’m not going out yet. I’m waiting …………..the rain to stop.

    2. You are always asking me ……………the money. Ask somebody else for a change.

    3. I’ve applied…………..the job at the factory. I don’t know if I‘ll get it.

    4. I don’t want to discuss …………what happened last night.

    5. We had an interesting discussion ……………….the problem but we didn’t reach a decision.

    6. He’s selfish. He doesn’t care…………other people.

    7. Please let me borrow your camera. I promise I’ll take good care……….it.

    8. I looked ……….my key but I couldn’t find them anywhere.

    9. I love this music. It reminds me……….a warm day in spring.

    10. Janet warned me ………… the water. She said it wasn’t safe to drink.

    11. Our neighbors complained ……….us ……….the noise we made last night.

    12. She accused me …………..being selfish.

    13. I congratulated her……….winning the tournament.

    14. He has a bodyguard to protect him ………..enemies.

    15. His parents don’t approve………..what he does but they can’t stop him.

    16. I didn’t have enough money to pay……….the bill.  

    Bài tập 2: Chọn giới từ thích hợp để hoàn thành những câu sau:

    1. We arrived late at the cinema so we had to sit                the back row.

    A. to                B. on                C. in                 D. by

    2. We are offering solutions               a price almost anyone can afford.

    A. in                 B. at                 C. on                D. by

    3. These books are             $500 each.

    A. with             B. on    C. at                 D. Ø


    4. There was a very serious accident               the roundabout.

    A. from            B. to                 C. at                 D. in

    5. The train called              Nottingham main station.

    A. at                B. by                C. in                 D. on

    6. The meeting took place              the company's headquarters.

    A. at                B. by                C. on                D. to

    7. That old house is being offered                sale.

    A. at                B. by                C. for  D. on

    8. Some people are             prison for crimes they have not committed.

    A. to                B. on                C. in                 D. at

    9. It was a very long voyage. We were               sea for 50 days.

    A. at                B. by                C. in                 D. on

    10. Is there anything interesting                the paper today?

    A. from            B. at                 C. in                 D. by

    11. In many countries people drive                the left.

    A. in                 B. by                C. on                D. to

    12. I lost my passport             the way to Madrid.

    A. in                 B. at                  C. by               D. on

    13. I forgot my umbrella               the bus.

    A. by               B. in                 C. into              D. on


    Đáp án:
    Bài 1:
    1. I’m not going out yet. I’m waiting for the rain to stop.

    2. You are always asking me for the money. Ask somebody else for a change.

    3. I’ve applied for the job at the factory. I don’t know if I‘ll get it.

    4. I don’t want to discuss what happened last night.

    5. We had an interesting discussion about the problem but we didn’t reach a decision.

    6. He’s selfish. He doesn’t care about other people.

    7. Please let me borrow your camera. I promise I’ll take good care of it.

    8. I looked for my key but I couldn’t find them anywhere.

    9. I love this music. It reminds me of a warm day in spring.

    10. Janet warned me of the water. She said it wasn’t safe to drink.

    11. Our neighbors complained to us about the noise we made last night.

    12. She accused me of being selfish.

    13. I congratulated her on winning the tournament.

    14. He has a bodyguard to protect him from enemies.

    15. His parents don’t approve of what he does but they can’t stop him.

    16. I didn’t have enough money to pay the bill.


     

    Bài 2:

             
     

    1. C

    2. B

    3. D

    4. C

    5. A

     

    6. A

    7. C

    8. C

    9. A

    10. C

     

    11. C

    12. D

    13. D

       
     IV. BÀI TP VỀ NHÀBài tp: Đin mt gii từ thích hợp vào mi chỗ trng sau:

    1. The young woman with the broken leg leaned .............. the ambulance assistant.

    2. Mothers tell their children not to stare.............. people.

    3. The teacher was very happy because all the students laughed .............her jokes.

    4. Please protect me ..............the bad people!

    5. During the holidays I always think .................you.

    6. My mother likes it when I write her e-mail messages; she loves to hear .................me.

    7. The politician asked me to vote ................him.

    8. What does this dish consist................ ? Just rice and beans.

    9. Please include me .................your plans; I would very much like to go to the cinema with you.

    10. I recently received a cheque .................my uncle.

    11. Don't thank me ................preparing this exercise; it was a real pleasure for me.

    12. Oh, go away! Disappear .................my sight!

    13. My teachers are always trying to prevent me ...................doing something stupid.

    14. I approve ..................the president's foreign policy.

    15. She was very amused ....................what they did.

    16. I cannot cope ..........................small children; they make me very tired.

    17. She was always very pleased .........................her students.

    18. I always say "Hope ...............the best, but prepare...................... the worst."

    19. If you know what's good for you you won't interfere ......................me or my plans!

    20. The thief confessed ....................the robbery.

    21. You should always reply ..................my e-mail messages.

    22. It is always wise to protect oneself ......................bad people and situations.

    23. She always confused .................Spanish Portuguese.

    24. Don't forget to pay ......................your shopping before you leave the store.


    Nhắn tin cho tác giả
    Lê Kim Tường @ 19:38 21/09/2009
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